Solutions to the Sat Physics subject questions on on DC electric circuits, with detailed explanations.
The circuit below is related to questions 1 and 2. V is the e.m.f of the battery, 2R and R are resistors such that the resistance of 2R is double the resistance of R.

The voltage across resistor R above is given by

A) 3V

B) V/3

C) V

D) V/4

E) V/2

Solution - Explanations

current in the above circuit = I = V / (2 R + R) = V / (3 R)

Voltage across R = U = R I = R V / (3 R) = V / 3

Answer B.

If W is the amount of heat generated during 10 seconds in resistor R included in the circuit in figure 1 above, what would be the amount of heat generated across the same resistor during 20 seconds if V is doubled?

A) W

B) 2W

C) 4W

D) 8W

E) 80W

Solution - Explanations

W = time × power = 10 U I = 10 ( V / 3) (V / (3 R)) (see I and U calculated in questions 1 above)

W = 10 V^{2} / (9 R) (after simplification)

if V is doubled to 2 V, during 20 seconds, the energy W2 is given by

What is the equivalent capacitance between points A and B?

A) C / 2

B) C

C) 2 C

D) 3 C

E) 4 C

Solution - Explanations

The upper two capacitors are in parallel and their equivalent capacitance is 2 C

The two capacitors on the right are also in parallel and their equivalent capacitance is 2 C (see circuit below)

We now have the two capacitors each of capacitance 2 C in series and the equivalent capacitance Ce is given by

1 / Ce = 1 / 2C + 1 / 2C = 2 / 2C = 1 / C

Ce = C

Answer B

If 20 Joules of heat is produced across a resistor R during 50 seconds, what amount of heat is produced across the same resistance during 100 seconds if the current across it is doubled?

A) 10 J

B) 20 J

C) 40 J

D) 80 J

E) 160 J

Solution - Explanations

Let I be the current across R and W the heat generated during 50 seconds. Hence

W = 50 R I^{2} = 20 J

If I is doubled, the energy W2 generated during 100 seconds is given by

W2 = 100 (2 I)^{2} R = 400 I^{2} R = 8(50 R I^{2}) = 8 * 20 J = 160 J

Answer E.

Which of the following is true about electric energy?

A) It is stored in resistors.

B) It cannot be stored at all.

C) It is stored in capacitors.

D) It is stored in conducting wires.

E) None of the above.

Solution - Explanations

Electric energy may be stored in capacitors

Answer C.

Once the switch S1 is closed in the circuit below, which of the following is true about the current through the resistor R1?

A) It increases from 0 to V / R1.

B) It decreases from V / R1 to 0.

C) It stays constant and equal to V / R1.

D) It stays constant and equal to (1/2)( V / R1).

E) It stays constant and equal to 0.

Solution - Explanations

As soon as the switch is closed (t=0), current through the resistor R1 is given by V / R1. Then as time increases, the capacitor charge increases, the current through R start decreasing exponentially to 0.

Answer B.

Which of the following is true about the circuit below if R2 > R3?

I) The current across R1 is larger than the current across R2
II) The voltage across R3 is equal to the voltage across R2
III) The current across R2 is larger than the current across R3

A) I) and II) only

B) II) only

C) III) only

D) I) only

E) I) II) and III)

Solution - Explanations

I) is true: the current through R1 is the sum of the currents through R2 and R3. Hence the current through R1 is larger than the current in R2 and the current in R3.

II) is true, voltage is measured between two points which in this case are common to the two resistors.

III) not true: Let U be the voltage across R2 and R3. The current across R2 is given by U / R2 and the current across R3 is given by U / R3. Since R2 > R3, U / R2 is smaller than U / R3.